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GENERAL DATA OF OAXACA

Place names

The name of Oaxaca comes from Nahuatl: "huaxyacac", whose roots are: "huaxin" (guaje) and yacatl (top or nose, tip or principle, translated as: "the nose or tip of the gourds"). The city of Oaxaca was elevated to the rank of city by Carlos V in the year of 1532. At the moment its population is of 244 thousand 727 inhabitants and in the whole state live three million 224 thousand 270 people.

Location

The state of Oaxaca is located southeast of the Mexican Republic; to the north it borders with the states of Veracruz and Puebla, to the south with the Pacific Ocean; to the east with the state of Chiapas and to the west with the state of Guerrero. The state capital is 488 kilometers from Mexico City by land and 45 minutes by air.

Territorial expansion

Its territorial extension is 95 thousand 364 square kilometers, which corresponds to 4.85% of the total of the Mexican Republic. The height of the city of Oaxaca above sea level is 1,550 meters. The city of Oaxaca de Juarez, capital of the state, is located in the area corresponding to the district of the center, between the parallels 15 ° 42 'and 18 ° 22' north latitude and in 3 ° 42 'and 16 ° 14' east longitude of the meridian of Mexico. Its climate is temperate with the following average temperatures in the year:

  • Spring 25 ° C.
  • Summer 22 ° C.
  • Fall 22 ° C.
  • Winter 16 ° C.
Weather

It has a very varied climate due to the rugged terrain; It is hot dry in the pacific coastal region, hot humid in the Pacific littoral and the variants of the Sierra Madre, temperate in the rest of the state and cold in places of altitude higher than two thousand meters above sea level.